AUGUST 18, 2022
Migrants play an essential part in the growth and development of regional and local economies. However, migrants’ contribution is contingent on their effective integration, influenced by the quality of integration policies and other national and regional policies such as economic development strategies. According to International Organization of Migration (IOM), migration has become a significant livelihood adaptation strategy for many poor groups worldwide. Historically, it is obvious that West Africans have a long history of migration and that one out of three people lives outside their place of birth.
The types of migration vary from seasonal labour migration to forced displacement from land degradation, climate change and coastal flooding. According to Ghana’s National Migration Policy of 2016, Ghana serves as the country’s official migration strategy document. In addition, a Migration Governance Framework (MiGOF) created by IOM in 2015 also serves as a benchmark for migration governance in the country.
Additionally, the IOM publication in 2017 mentions that migration-related laws and policies must be designed to foster solid socioeconomic outcomes for migrants and communities of origin, transit, and destination. In view of these, good migration governance is paramount if Ghana plans to achieve SDG target 10.7 which focuses on implementing well-managed migration policies. However, migration governance remains poorly understood and lacks an overarching vision with no working framework for Ghana.
The exercise on the MIGRAWARE Project explores existing policies and proposes an individual centered approach to dealing with migration governance. A three tier level of migration governance is proposed: at the individual/community level, district/regional level and national/international level. In the end, this framework posits that a good migration governance cannot undermine the interplay and linkage between different levels, actors, processes, and resources.
The proposed framework is tested by employing an interview and focus group discussion approach across three key district to ascertain the validity of the accessions and proposals committed in the main ideological development.